Prayer while traveling: (Qasr Salah) and its conditions

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalamualaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh

Today i’ve got message from sister who asked me about Qasr prayer. she said  “I am going to college…and I miss my zuhr, asr and magrib ( I am travelling )”

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i will explain about the Qasr prayer first, Below you will find some more information on this from the book Anis al-Musafir.

THE (QASR) SALĀH OF A MUSĀFIR

1. When a person qualifies as a musāfir according to the Sharī‛ah he is required to offer two rak‛ahs for the Fard of Zuhr, ‛Asr and ‛Ishā’ salāh. The other salāhs remain as normal.

2. More than two rak‛ahs should not be offered for the Fard of Zuhr, ‛Asr and ‛Ishā’ salāh. If a person mistakenly offered four raka‛āt for these salāhs, and he had sat down for Tashahhud (al-Tahiyyāt) in the second rak‛ah, then the first two rak‛ahs will be regarded as Fard and the other two rak‛ahs as nafl.

3. In the above case he will have to make sajdah al-sahw. If he did not make sajdah al-sahw then he must repeat the salāh if its time still remains.

4. If he did not sit in the second rak‛ah then all four raka‛āt will become nafl and he will have to repeat his Fard salāh.

and the meaning of Musafir in Islam,

WHO IS A MUSĀFIR (traveller)?

1. The person who sets out with the intention of eventually travelling three manzils (approx. 77 km) * is regarded as a musāfir in the Sharī‛ah.

2. The moment he comes out of the boundaries of his town or city he becomes a musāfir. Within the boundaries of his town or city, he will not be a musāfir.

PRINCIPLE: A person will not become a musāfir until he firmly intends to travel 77 km from the place he is in.

Thus a person who travels from place to place, intending to travel less than 77km each time, will not become a musāfir – even if he travels the entire world in this way!

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Respected Sister,

if your collage not far from your home and there is no reason for you to miss your salah, you have to salah wherever you go. because salah is fard. but if the reason you miss salah can accept in Islam, you can do qadha your salah, as soon as possible you remember it. and ask Allah for forgive you then dont do that again.

but if you on traveling far from your home, You will have to offer Qasr Salah (i.e. 2 rak`ahs for Zuhr, `Asr and `Isha) at your place of travel. This is because it is more than 77km from your hometown and you do not intend to stay there for 15 days or more. Thus you remain a musafir. (Shar`i traveller).

Jazak Allah Khair

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Tafsir Ibn Kathir Surah An-Nas

Surah Nas Ayah 1- 3

Allah says:

قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ﴿١﴾

مَلِكِ النَّاسِ﴿٢﴾

إِلَهِ النَّاسِ﴿٣﴾

Say: I seek refuge with the Lord of An-Nas,

The King of An-Nas,

The God of An-Nas,

These are three attributes from the attributes of the Lord, the Mighty and Majestic. They are:

– lordship,

– sovereignty and

– divinity.

Thus,

– He is the Lord of everything,

– the King of everything and

– the God of everything.

All things

– are created by Him,

– owned by Him, and

– subservient to Him.

Therefore, He commands whoever is seeking protection to seek refuge with the One Who has these attributes from the evil of the whisperer who withdraws.

This (the whisperer) is the devil that is assigned to man. For verily, there is not any of the Children of Adam except that he has a companion that beautifies wicked deeds for him. This devil will go to any lengths to confuse and confound him. The only person who is safe is He Whom Allah protects.

It is confirmed in the Sahih that he (the Prophet) said,

مَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلَّا قَدْ وُكِّلَ بِهِ قَرِينُهُ

There is not a single one of you except that his companion (a devil) has been assigned to him.

They (the Companions) said, “What about you, O Messenger of Allah!”

He replied,

نَعَمْ،

إِلَّا أَنَّ اللهَ أَعَانَنِي عَلَيْهِ فَأَسْلَمَ، فَلَا يَأْمُرُنِي إِلَّا بِخَيْرٍ

Yes.

However, Allah has helped me against him and he has accepted Islam. Thus, he only commands me to do good.

It is also confirmed in the Two Sahihs from Anas, who reported the story of Safiyyah when she came to visit the Prophet while he was performing Itikaf, that he went out with her during the night to walk her back to her house. So, two men from the Ansar met him (on the way). When they saw the Prophet, they began walking swiftly. So, the Messenger of Allah said,

عَلَى رِسْلِكُمَا، إِنَّهَا صَفِيَّةُ بِنْتُ حُيَيَ

Slow down! This is Safiyyah bint Huyay!

They said, “Glory be to Allah, O Messenger of Allah!”

He said,

إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ يَجْرِي مِنِ ابْنِ آدَمَ مَجْرَى الدَّم، وَإِنِّي خَشِيتُ أَنْ يَقْذِفَ فِي قُلُوبِكُمَا شَيْئًا، أَوْ قَالَ: شَرًّا

Verily, Shaytan runs in the Son of Adam like the running of the blood. And verily, I feared that he might cast something into your hearts — or he said — evil.

Surah Nas Ayah 4

Said bin Jubayr reported that Ibn Abbas said concerning Allah’s statement,

… الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاس ﴿٤﴾

The whisperer (Al-Waswas) who withdraws.

“The devil who is squatting (perched) upon the heart of the Son of Adam. So when he becomes absentminded and heedless he whispers. Then, when he remembers Allah he withdraws.”

Mujahid and Qatadah also said this.

Al-Mutamir bin Sulayman reported that his father said,

“It has been mentioned to me that Shaytan is Al-Waswas. He blows into the heart of the Son of Adam when he is sad and when he is happy. But when he (man) remembers Allah, Shaytan withdraws.”

Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn Abbas;الْوَسْوَاسِ The whisperer.

“He is Shaytan. He whispers and then when he is obeyed, he withdraws.”

Surah Nas Ayah 5-6

As for Allah’s saying;

الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاس ﴿٥﴾

Who whispers in the breasts of An-Nas.

Is this specific for the Children of Adam as is apparent, or is it general, including both mankind and Jinns

There are two views concerning this. This is because they (the Jinns) are also included in the usage of the word An-Nas (the people) in most cases.

Ibn Jarir said,

“The phrase Rijalun min Al-Jinn (Men from the Jinns) has been used in reference to them, so it is not strange for the word An-Nas to be applied to them also.”

Then Allah says,

مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَ النَّاس ﴿٦﴾

Of Jinn and An-Nas.

Is this explanatory of Allah’s statement, الَّذِى يُوَسْوِسُ فِى صُدُورِ النَّاسِ Who whispers in the breasts of An-Nas.

Then, Allah explains this by saying, مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِOf Jinn and An-Nas.

This is supportive of the second view.

It has also been said that Allah’s saying, مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ Of Jinn and An-Nas, is an explanation of who is it that whispers into the breasts of mankind from the devils of mankind and Jinns.

This is similar to Allah’s saying,

وَكَذَلِكَ جَعَلْنَا لِكُلِّ نِبِىٍّ عَدُوّاً شَيَـطِينَ الإِنْسِ وَالْجِنِّ يُوحِى بَعْضُهُمْ إِلَى بَعْضٍ زُخْرُفَ الْقَوْلِ غُرُوراً

And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies –Shayatin among mankind and Jinn, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion. (6:112)

Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn Abbas said,

“A man came to the Prophet and said,

`O Messenger of Allah! Sometimes I say things to myself that I would rather fall from the sky than say (aloud openly). ‘

The Prophet said,

اللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اللهُ أَكْبَرٌ الْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي رَدَّ كَيْدَهُ إِلَى الْوَسْوَسَةِ

Allah is Most Great!

Allah is Most Great!

All praise is due to Allah Who sent his (Shaytan’s) plot back as only a whisper.”

Abu Dawud and An-Nasa’i also recorded this Hadith.

This is the end of the Tafsir. All praise and thanks are due to Allah, the Lord of all that exists.

Beware!!!

I don’t really understand why some women saying thank you Likers for liking their immodest pictures.

Don’t you know those numbers of men likers of you are the numbers of sin you committed in a single photo plus those other viewers plus your hundreds or thousands of friends.

And what if your habit is uploading everyday? So it comes now in a large numbers of sin…recorded by the Angel on your bad Deed. Astaghfirulllah!

At some point of your mind, have some thinking/ponder and reflect that what’s gonna happen to me if die in a state where all my photos are publicly shown? Will it be my entrance to Jannah or to Jahannam.

Dear Sisters in Islam, we are aiding you to keep reminding you but the whole changes has to be from yourself. Hasn’t it?

May Allah SWT guide us to His path and may He put a fear in our hearts. Ameen

ربما تحتوي الصورة على: ‏‏‏شخص أو أكثر‏ و‏نشاطات في أماكن مفتوحة‏‏‏

The Fruits of Salat (Prayer)

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
There is no doubt that the status of Salat is very great, it is the most primary obligation and the first thing to be raised from the Quran, and it is the first thing a servant is held accountable for on the day of resurrection.
All praise is to Allah, the One, the Only, the Unique and the Self-Sufficient, who “He neither begets nor is born, (3) Nor is there to Him any equivalent.”” [Al-‘Ikhlas 112:3-4]
{لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ (3) وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُواً أَحَدٌ}
الإخلاص: 3-4
Transliteration: Lam yalid walam yooladu (3) Walam yakun lahu kufuwan ahadun
There is no doubt that the status of Salat is very great, it is the most primary obligation and the first thing to be raised from the Quran, and it is the first thing a servant is held accountable for on the day of resurrection. And because of its high status Ibrahim (peace and blessings be upon him) asked Allah and said: “My Lord, make me an establisher of prayer, and [many] from my descendants.” [Ibrahim 14:40]
{رَبِّ اجْعَلْنِي مُقِيمَ الصَّلاَةِ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِي…}
إبراهيم: 40
Transliteration: Rabbi ijAAalnee muqeema alssalati wamin thurriyyatee
Prayer has tremendous values and benefits, and it possesses countless secrets, obedience and wisdoms. And since some Muslims have started nowadays to neglect it, either because of ignoring its value or distracted from its reward, therefore, we find some of them postponing it from its due time, or being late because they are occupied by futile conversations or a fruitless activity. There are even some who have prayed for years without seeing any fruits for their Salat and their connection with Allah, not asking themselves, not even one day while being among the praying ones: why has his prayer not achieved him any success in spite of the abundance of these connections, or why his prayer has not ordered him to do good or made him avoid evil, and maybe it even has not changed his attitudes after a decade or longer. Huthayfa said: “Verily a man would have his hair and beard grayed in Islam (being a Muslim all his life) without one single prayer being accepted from him, either because he ignores the rules of ablution and prays in an impure state, or he does not complete his Salat by not perfecting his Ruku’ (inclination) and Sujud (prostration), and therefore his Salat is not valid, and he is like the one who builds on water.”
The greatest reward is for those who perfect their Salat including its ablution, and who follow the guidance of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), because Salat and Du’a (supplication) are sufficient to straighten the human being, with the permission of Allah. Scholars of Islam used to say to whoever complained to them from a disease to revise his prayer, and if somebody complains from sadness, a spouse or his sins they would say to him to revise his prayers. That is why Allah has glorified it with value and importance, in order for people to understand the secrets and wisdom it contains, and establish it in the most perfect manner.
And here are some of the fruits and benefits of Salat:
1. Among the fruits of Salat is the fact that it is the best act of worship, and there is no other act that brings us closer to Allah more preferable than it. Allah says in the Qudsi Hadeeth “My servant has not performed an act to bring him closer to Me which is more beloved to Me than what I have ordered him to do” [Narrated Al Bukhari]
‹‹وما تقرب إلي عبدي بشيء أحب إلي مما افترضت عليه››
رواه البخاري
And the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “The best rank is Salat, so let those who can perform it abundantly do so”. [Decalred Hasan (good) by Al-Albani]
‹‹الصلاة خير موضوع ، فمن استطاع أن يستكثر فليستكثر››
حسنه الألباني
Therefore Salat brings us closer to Allah, add to that the fact that the closest position of a servant to his Lord is while he is prostrating. Allah says: “But prostrate and draw near [to Allah].” [Al-‘Alaq: 19]
{وَاسْجُدْ وَاقْتَرِبْ}
العلق: 19
Transliteration: waosjud waiqtarib
So the more a servant mentions Allah the closer he is to Him and the more negligent he is the farther he is from Him.
2. Among the fruits of Salat is that it makes us avoid sins. Allah (SWT) says: “Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing,” [Al-‘Ankabut 29:45]
{إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ تَنْهَى عَنِ الْفَحْشَاء وَالْمُنكَرِ}
العنكبوت: 45
Transliteration: inna alssalata tanha AAani alfahshai waalmunkari
And vice versa, all “Fahsha’” and “Munkar” prevents us from mentioning Allah and performing prayer.
3. Among the fruits of Salat is that it erases evil deeds, and Allah has not mentioned any other action in particular that erases sins as it is the case of Salat. Allah (SWT) says: “And establish prayer at the two ends of the day and at the approach of the night. Indeed, good deeds do away with misdeeds. That is a reminder for those who remember.” [Hûd 11:114]
{وَأَقِمِ الصَّلاَةَ طَرَفَيِ النَّهَارِ وَزُلَفاً مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ إِنَّ الْحَسَنَاتِ يُذْهِبْنَ السَّـيِّئَاتِ ذَلِكَ ذِكْرَى لِلذَّاكِرِينَ}
هود: 114
Transliteration: Waaqimi alssalata tarafayi alnnahari wazulafan mina allayli inna alhasanati yuthhibna alssayyiati thalika thikra lilththakireena
And scholars say: “Consecutive information suggests that they are the five prayers, and that they erase evil deeds.”
4. Among the fruits of Salat is that it keeps physical diseases away. We have known so many ill people which medical drugs have failed to cure them, and when they dedicated themselves to Salat their diseases were cured and Allah healed their ailments, especially Salat Al-Layl (the night prayer).
Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim, may Allah have mercy on his soul, said: “The healing of Salat remains in the movements of standing, prostrating and inclination, for Salat is one of the greatest remedies through dissolving substances and fortifying the body.”
5. Among the fruits of Salat is that it is one of the greatest reasons behind the elevation of ranks. The Messenger of Allah (SWT) said: “You do not prostrate a single time before Allah, except He raises you a rank.” [Narrated Muslim]
‹‹فإنك لا تسجد لله سجدة إلا رفعك الله بها درجة››
رواه مسلم
Backing this saying is what He stated when Rabi’ah asked Him to be His companion in paradise, to which He replied: “Help me against your own self with the abundance of prostration” [Narrated An-Nesa’e and edited by Al-Albani]
‹‹أعني على نفسك بكثرة السجود››
رواه النسائى وصححه الألباني
6. Among the fruits of Salat is that mercies descend on the servant and he is surrounded by angels as long as he is in prayer until he leaves it.
7. Among the fruits of Salat is the fact that whoever enters hellfire from amongst the believers, it will not touch the spots of prayer especially those from praying people. This is not found in the rest of actions. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) justifies this by saying: “Allah has made it unlawful for hellfire to consume the spots on which the son of Adam prostrate”, [this is found in Sahih Al-Bukhari under the chapter of “The virtue of Sujud”]
‹‹وحرَّم الله على النار أن تأكل من ابن آدم أثر السجود››
صحيح البخاري
And as narrated by Muslim: “Verily, there are people who will arise and will be burnt expect the forehead and nose in their faces”.
‹‹ ‏إن قوما يخرجون من النار يحترقون فيها إلا ‏دارات وجوههم››
صحيح مسلم
And here we must contemplate and see how obedient hellfire is to its Lord, despite the intensity of its combustion, it does not trespass the limits He defined for it. And, on the other hand, look how insignificant servants are, but still they commit transgressions, so their Lord purifies them with hellfire.
8. Among the fruits of Salat is that it is the reason for inducing sujud on the day of resurrection when believers are distinguished from hypocrites. Since those who prostrate to Allah in this worldly Salat, applied themselves to it and performed it both yearning and fearing, will prostrate to Allah on the day of resurrection, and those who did not do it here will not do it there. This is pointed at when Allah (SWT) says: “The Day the shin will be uncovered and they are invited to prostration but the disbelievers will not be able,” [Al-Qalam 68:42]
{يَوْمَ يُكْشَفُ عَن سَاقٍ وَيُدْعَوْنَ إِلَى السُّجُودِ فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ}
القلم: 42
Transliteration: Yawma yukshafu AAan saqin wayudAAawna ila alssujoodi fala yastateeAAoona
And He justifies their inability to perform sujud despite their ability to do so, by saying: “Their eyes humbled, humiliation will cover them. And they used to be invited to prostration while they were sound.” [Al-Qalam 68:43]
{خَاشِعَةً أَبْصَارُهُمْ تَرْهَقُهُمْ ذِلَّةٌ وَقَدْ كَانُوا يُدْعَوْنَ إِلَى السُّجُودِ وَهُمْ سَالِمُونَ}
القلم: 43
Transliteration: KhashiAAatan absaruhum tarhaquhum thillatun waqad kanoo yudAAawna ila alssujoodi wahum salimoona
Since they have forsaken Salat in this world, and refused to perform it, even though they were healthy and safe, they are punished on the day of resurrection by making them unable to prostrate. Moreover, whoever prostrates to Allah out of hypocrisy, vanity or seeking influence, his back will be turned into a single piece, and shall fall down on the scruff of his neck every time he tries to prostrate. This was mentioned by Al-Bukhari, may Allah have mercy on his soul, and you can revert to the (Tafseer (interpretation) of Surah Al-Qalam by Ibn Katheer).
9. And among the fruit of Salat is that it refreshes body and soul, for it is the greatest source of daily vitality. It could not be otherwise, since it is the link between the Creator and the created, five times every day and night. Therefore, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Salat has been made the delight of my eyes” [Narrated by An-Nisa’i and edited by Al-Albani]
‹‹وجعلت قرة عيني في الصلاة››
رواه النسائى وصححه الألباني
And He (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “O Bilal, call for prayer, give us some relief through it” [Authenticated by Al-Albani]
‹‹يا بلال أقم الصلاة، أرحنا بها››
صححه الألباني
10. Among the fruits of Salat is that it is sustenance for hearts and spirits, since they are in such a dire need for the descent of mercies. Just as a body needs its nourishment the soul also needs its own. And naturally, once both of them have digested their food, they always will need a renewal of their fuel. Thus Allah has made the five prayers nourishment for the souls portioned throughout day and night.
11. And among the fruits of Salat is that it brings livelihoods, in the sense that if a servant observes it and applies himself to it, Allah will provide him from where he least expects it. Allah (SWT) says: “And enjoin prayer upon your family [and people] and be steadfast therein. We ask you not for provision; We provide for you, and the [best] outcome is for [those of] righteousness.” [Taa-Haa 20:132]
{وَأْمُرْ أَهْلَكَ بِالصَّلَاةِ وَاصْطَبِرْ عَلَيْهَا لَا نَسْأَلُكَ رِزْقاً نَّحْنُ نَرْزُقُكَ وَالْعَاقِبَةُ لِلتَّقْوَى}
طه: 132
Transliteration: Wamur ahlaka bialssalati waistabir AAalayha la nasaluka rizqan nahnu narzuquka waalAAaqibatu lilttaqwa
Thus Salat is the key that sets the gates of livelihoods wide open.
12. And among the fruits and the praiseworthy consequences of Salat is that it is light for the believers both in this life and the hereafter. As for this life, it is the light for hearts and faces, and once Allah enlightens a heart, no adversity shall harm it whatsoever. Allah (SWT) says: “Their mark is on their faces from the trace of prostration.” [Al-Fath :29]
{سِيمَاهُمْ فِي وُجُوهِهِم مِّنْ أَثَرِ السُّجُودِ}
الفتح: 29
Transliteration: seemahum fee wujoohihim min athari alssujoodi
And in the hereafter, it is a light for the believers in their graves and on Al-Sirat (the hair-narrow bridge) on the day of resurrection. Abou Ad-Darda’ may Allah be pleased with him, said: “Pray a couple of Rak’as in the darkness of the night in preparation for the darkness of the grave.” The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Whoever keeps it, will have it as light, proof and salvation on the day of resurrection”. [Authenticated by Ibn Baz]
‹‹من حافظ عليها، كانت له نورا وبرهانا ونجاة يوم القيامة…››
صححه ابن الباز
And He (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Convey glad tidings, to those who walk to the mosques in the darkness, of perfect light on the day of resurrection” [Narrated by Abu Dawud, and Ibn Majjah, and authenticated by Al-Albani]
‹‹بشر المشائين في الظُلم إلى المساجد بالنور التام يوم القيامة››
رواه ابو داود وابن ماجه وصححه الألباني
Also He (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Salat is light (on the day of resurrection).” [Narrated by Al-Albani in his “Saheeh At-Targheeb”]
‹‹ الصلاة نور››
رواه الألباني فى صحيح الترغيب
13. And among the fruits of prayer is that it gets rid of ill-heartedness as Allah has saved nobody from being affected by these diseases, which are awing at times of calamities and stinginess at times of prosperity, except the ones who pray, since Allah (SWT) said: “Indeed, mankind was created anxious: (19) When evil touches him, impatient, (20) And when good touches him, withholding [of it], (21) Except the observers of prayer -” [Al-Ma’arij: 19-22]
{إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ خُلِقَ هَلُوعاً (19) إِذَا مَسَّهُ الشَّرُّ جَزُوعاً (20) وَإِذَا مَسَّهُ الْخَيْرُ مَنُوعاً (21) إِلَّا الْمُصَلِّينَ}
المعارج: 19-22
Transliteration: Inna alinsana khuliqa halooAAan (19) Itha massahu alshsharru jazooAAan (20) Waitha massahu alkhayru manooAAan (21) Illa almusalleena
And thus these diseases remove the afflictions of the heart.
14. Among the fruits of prayer is the fact that Allah has ordered His servants to haste to it and seek support in it with their mundane matters, not specifying any other source of support except it, since it is the greatest helper in the achievement of the benefits of both this world and the hereafter, and it keeps both their harms at bay. Allah (SWT) says: “O you who have believed, seek help through patience and prayer. Indeed, Allah is with the patient.” [Al-Baqarah 2:153]
{يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ اسْتَعِينُواْ بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلاَةِ إِنَّ اللّهَ مَعَ الصَّابِرِينَ}
البقرة: 153
Transliteration: Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo istaAAeenoo bialssabri waalssalati inna Allaha maAAa alssabireena
And in Musnad Ahmed (collection of Prophet’s Hadith collected by the Sunni scholar Ahmed Ibn Hanbal), the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) used to hasten to Salat every time He would be faced by a difficult matter, and so did He when catastrophes and calamities took places, and in eclipses.
15. Among the fruits of prayer, especially Fajr (dawn) prayer, is being secured by Allah, whoever prays it in a gathering will be under Allah’s security, covenant and care. Therefore, no calamity can harm him, because Salat averts from filth and immorality. Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Whoever prays Fajr prayer will be under Allah’s protection, so that Allah shall not ask him for any of His covenants” [Narrated by Muslim]
‹‹من صلى صلاة الصبح فهو في ذمة الله، فلا يطلبنكم الله من ذمته بشيء…››
رواه مسلم
In this sense, whoever forsakes it will be liable to fulfil his covenants and promises he owes before Allah.
16. And among the fruits of Salat is that it perpetuates the mention of Allah (SWT). He (SWT) says: “and establish prayer for My remembrance.” [Taahaa 20:14]
{وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِذِكْرِي}
طه: 14
Transliteration: waaqimi alssalata lithikree
And He also says: “and the remembrance of Allah is greater.” [Al-Ankaboot 29:45]
{وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ}
العنكبوت: 45
Transliteration: walathikru Allahi akbaru
Would not a servant of Allah love what is mentioned about him in front of Allah? The Salat would be the sufficient virtue for the servant to be mentioned about him due to its virtue, honor and benefice. Allah (SWT) says in the Qudsi Hadeeth: “If he mentions Me in himself, I will mention him in Myself.” [Narrated Muslim]
‹‹فَإِنْ ذَكَرَنِي فِي نَفْسِهِ ذَكَرْتُهُ فِي نَفْسِي››
رواه مسلم
17. And among the fruits of Salat is the fact that Allah magnifies its reward, and has ordered us and those before us to establish it. They are five obligatory prayers, equivalent to fifty in terms of reward, Allah (SWT) said in the hadeeth of Isra’ (the night journey): “It is five, being fifty, and my command shall not be changed”. [Narrated Muslim]
‹‹هِيَ خَمْسٌ وَهْىَ خَمْسُونَ لاَ يُبَدَّلُ الْقَوْلُ لَدَىَّ››
رواه مسلم
* And so, these are some of the fruits of prayer, and if we scrutinise further then our speech will be lengthy. However these are some indications, or else its virtues and fruits are by the hundreds. So, “For the like of this let the workers [on earth] work.” [As-Saffat :61]
{لِمِثْلِ هَذَا فَلْيَعْمَلْ الْعَامِلُونَ}
الصافات: 61
Transliteration: Limithli hatha falyaAAmali alAAamiloona
Conclusion:
Knowing this, the greatest in reward amongst people is the one who takes care of its purification, its timings, and keeps its pillars and conditions, and observes the guidance of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) regarding it, as the Prophet’s Hadeeth mentioned: “Pray as you have seen Me pray”. [Narrated Al Bukhari]
‹‹وصلوا كما رأيتموني أصلي››
صحيح البخاري
So it is necessary to observe the Prophet’s guidance regarding it, not taking away from it nor adding to it, since any alteration is evil.
Taking all this into account, if we see an individual who prays without gaining from his prayer any of these precious fruits, we must know, beyond doubt, that his prayer is not the one Allah has ordained his servants to establish, and that he is amongst those who if they go to prayer, they do not do it unless they are lazy, and among those who do not remember Allah but a little.
In order for our Salat not to be a mere custom, we have to respect the conditions which make it a worship not a custom. These are adherence to the conditions of Iman, the right intention and keeping in mind the Salat’s virtues with an incentive of certainty and yearning. Some of the Salaf (early generation) said: “Whoever does not know the reward of actions will find them difficult under any circumstance.” It is worth to mention that we have wrote (a book titled) “A hundred etiquettes for the intimate discourse with the Lord of Creation”
And our closing prayer is our thanks to Allah the Lord of mankind.
Translated by Wathakker.info website
(with modification)
Noha Foad

tafseer Al-Fatihah- Ibn Kathir

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

The Meaning of Al-Fatihah and its Various Names

This Surah is called

– Al-Fatihah, that is, the Opener of the Book, the Surah with which prayers are begun.

– It is also called, Umm Al-Kitab (the Mother of the Book), according to the majority of the scholars.

In an authentic Hadith recorded by At-Tirmidhi, who graded it Sahih, Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

الْحَمْدُ للهِ رَبَ الْعَالَمِينَ أُمُّ الْقُرْآنِ وَأُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَالسَّبْعُ الْمَثَانِي وَالْقُرْآنُ الْعَظِيمُ

Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-`Alamin is the Mother of the Qur’an, the Mother of the Book, and the seven repeated Ayat of the Glorious Qur’an.

It is also called Al-Hamd and As-Salah, because the Prophet said that his Lord said,

قَسَمْتُ الصَّلَاةَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ عَبْدِي نِصْفَيْنِ،

فَإِذَا قَالَ الْعَبْدُ:الْحَمْدُدِلله رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ، قَالَ اللهُ: حَمِدَنِي عَبْدِي

The prayer (i.e., Al-Fatihah) is divided into two halves between Me and My servants.

When the servant says, `All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of existence,’ Allah says, ‘My servant has praised Me.

Al-Fatihah was called the Salah, because reciting it is a condition for the correctness of Salah – the prayer.

Al-Fatihah was also called Ash-Shifa’ (the Cure).

It is also called Ar-Ruqyah (remedy), since in theSahih, there is the narration of Abu Sa`id telling the story of the Companion who used Al-Fatihahas a remedy for the tribal chief who was poisoned. Later, the Messenger of Allah said to a Companion,

وَمَا يُدْرِيكَ أَنَّهَا رُقْيَةٌ

How did you know that it is a Ruqyah?

Al-Fatihah was revealed in Makkah as Ibn Abbas, Qatadah and Abu Al-Aliyah stated.

Allah said,

وَلَقَدْ ءاتَيْنَـكَ سَبْعًا مِّنَ الْمَثَانِي

And indeed, We have bestowed upon you the seven Mathani (seven repeatedly recited verses), (i.e. Surah Al-Fatihah) (15:87).

Allah knows best.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

The Reason it is called Umm Al-Kitab

In the beginning of the Book of Tafsir, in his Sahih, Al-Bukhari said;

“It is called Umm Al-Kitab, because the Qur’an starts with it and because the prayer is started by reciting it.”

It was also said that it is called Umm Al-Kitab, because it contains the meanings of the entire Qur’an.

Ibn Jarir said,

“The Arabs call every comprehensive matter that contains several specific areas an Umm. For instance, they call the skin that surrounds the brain, Umm Ar-Ra’s. They also call the flag that gathers the ranks of the army anUmm.”

He also said,

“Makkah was called Umm Al-Quran, (the Mother of the Villages) because it is the grandest and the leader of all villages.

It was also said that the earth was made starting from Makkah.”

Further, Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah narrated about Umm Al-Qur’an that the Prophet said,

هِيَ أُمُّ الْقُرْآنِ وَهِيَ السَّبْعُ الْمَثَانِي وَهِيَ الْقُرْآنُ الْعَظِيمُ

It is Umm Al-Qur’an, the seven repeated (verses) and the Glorious Qur’an.

Also, Abu Jafar, Muhammad bin Jarir At-Tabari recorded Abu Hurayrah saying that the Messenger of Allah said about Al-Fatihah,

هِيَ أُمُّ الْقُرْآنِ وَهِيَ فَاتِحَةُ الْكِتَابِ وَهِيَ السَّبْعُ الْمَثَانِي

It is Umm Al-Qur’an, Al-Fatihah of the Book (the Opener of the Qur’an) and the seven repeated (verses).

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Virtues of Al-Fatihah

Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal recorded in the Musnad that Abu Sa`id bin Al-Mu`alla said,

“I was praying when the Prophet called me, so I did not answer him until I finished the prayer. I then went to him and he said, What prevented you from coming?

I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! I was praying.’

He said, Didn’t Allah say,

يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ اسْتَجِيبُواْ لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ

O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life.

He then said,

“I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur’an before you leave the Masjid (Mosque).”

He held my hand and when he was about to leave the Masjid, I said, `O Messenger of Allah! You said: I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur’an.’

He said, Yes.

الْحَمْدُ للَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ

Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-`Alamin,

It is the seven repeated (verses) and the Glorious Qur’an that I was given.

Al-Bukhari, Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah also recorded this Hadith.

Also, Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said,

“The Messenger of Allah went out while Ubayy bin Ka`b was praying and said, O Ubayy!

Ubayy did not answer him.

The Prophet said, O Ubayy!

Ubayy prayed faster then went to the Messenger of Allah saying, `Peace be unto you, O Messenger of Allah!’

He said, Peace be unto you. O Ubayy, what prevented you from answering me when I called you?

He said, `O Messenger of Allah! I was praying.’

He said, Did you not read among what Allah has sent down to me,

اسْتَجِيبُواْ لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ

Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life.

He said, `Yes, O Messenger of Allah! I will not do it again.’

the Prophet said,

أَتُحِبُّ أَنْ أُعَلِّمَكَ سُورَةً لَمْ تَنْزِلْ لَا فِي التَّورَاةِ وَلَا فِي الْإِنْجِيلِ وَلَا فِي الزَّبُورِ وَلَا فِي الْفُرْقَانِ مِثْلَهَا؟

Would you like me to teach you a Surah the likes of which nothing has been revealed in the Tawrah, the Injil, the Zabur (Psalms) or the Furqan (the Qur’an)?

He said, `Yes, O Messenger of Allah!’

The Messenger of Allah said, I hope that I will not leave through this door until you have learned it.

He (Ka`b) said, `The Messenger of Allah held my hand while speaking to me. Meanwhile I was slowing down fearing that he might reach the door before he finished his conversation. When we came close to the door, I said: O Messenger of Allah! What is the Surah that you have promised to teach me?’

He said, What do you read in the prayer.

Ubayy said, `So I recited Umm Al-Qur’an to him.’

He said,

وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ مَا أَنْزَلَ اللهُ فِي التَّورَاةِ وَلَا فِي الْإِنْجِيلِ وَلَا فِي الزَّبُورِ وَلَا فِي الْفُرْقَانِ مِثْلَهَا إِنَّهَا السَّبْعُ الْمَثَانِي

By Him in Whose Hand is my soul! Allah has never revealed in the Tawrah, the Injil, theZabur or the Furqan a Surah like it. It is the seven repeated verses that I was given.”

Also, At-Tirmidhi recorded this Hadith and in his narration, the Prophet said,

إِنَّهَا مِنَ السَّبْعِ الْمَثَانِي وَالْقُرْآنِ الْعَظِيمِ الَّذِي أُعْطِيتُهُ

It is the seven repeated verses and the Glorious Qur’an that I was given.

At-Tirmidhi then commented that this Hadith isHasan Sahih.

There is a similar Hadith on this subject narrated from Anas bin Malik.

Further, Abdullah, the son of Imam Ahmad, recorded this Hadith from Abu Hurayrah from Ubayy bin Ka`b, and he mentioned a longer but similar wording for the above Hadith.

In addition, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i recorded thisHadith from Abu Hurayrah from Ubayy bin Ka`b who said that the Messenger of Allah said,

مَا أَنْزَل اللهُ فِي التَّورَاةِ وَلَا فِي الْإِنْجِيلِ مِثْلَ أُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ وَهِيَ السَّبْعُ الْمَثَانِي وَهِيَ مَقْسُومَةٌ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ عَبْدِي نِصْفَيْنِ

Allah has never revealed in the Tawrah or theInjil anything similar to Umm Al-Qur’an. It is the seven repeated verses and it is divided into two halves between Allah and His servant.

This is the wording reported by An-Nasa’i.

At-Tirmidhi said that this Hadith is Hasan Gharib.

Also, Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn Jabir said,

“I went to the Messenger of Allah after he had poured water (for purification) and said, `Peace be unto you, O Messenger of Allah!’

He did not answer me. So I said again, `Peace be unto you, O Messenger of Allah!’

Again, he did not answer me, so I said again, `Peace be unto you, O Messenger of Allah!’

Still he did not answer me.

The Messenger of Allah went while I was following him, until he arrived at his residence. I went to the Masjid and sat there sad and depressed. The Messenger of Allah came out after he performed his purification and said,

Peace and Allah’s mercy be unto you,

peace and Allah’s mercy be unto you,

peace and Allah’s mercy be unto you.

He then said,

O Abdullah bin Jabir! Should I inform you of the best Surah in the Qur’an!

I said, `Yes, O Messenger of Allah!’

He said, “Read,

`All praise be to Allah, the Lord of the existence,’ until you finish it.”

This Hadith has a good chain of narrators.

Some scholars relied on this Hadith as evidence that some Ayat and Surahs have more virtues than others.

Furthermore, in the chapter about the virtues of the Qur’an, Al-Bukhari recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said,

“Once, we were on a journey when a female servant came and said, `The leader of this area has been poisoned and our people are away. Is there a healer among you?’

Then a man whose healing expertise did not interest us stood for her, he read a Ruqyah for him, and he was healed.

The chief gave him thirty sheep as a gift and some milk. When he came back to us we said to him,

`You know of a (new) Ruqyah, or did you do this before?’

He said, `I only used Umm Al-Kitab as Ruqyah.’

We said, `Do not do anything further until we ask the Messenger of Allah.’

When we went back to Al-Madinah we mentioned what had happened to the Prophet. The Prophet said,

وَمَا كَانَ يُدْرِيهِ أَنَّهَا رُقْيَةٌ اقْسِمُوا وَاضْرِبُوا لِي بِسَهْمٍ

Who told him that it is a Ruqyah. Divide (the sheep) and reserve a share for me.”

Also, Muslim recorded in his Sahih, and An-Nasa’i in his Sunan that Ibn Abbas said,

“While Jibril (Gabriel) was with the Messenger of Allah, he heard a noise from above. Jibril lifted his sight to the sky and said,

`This is a door in heaven being open, and it has never been opened before now.’

An angel descended from that door and came to the Prophet and said,

`Receive the glad tidings of two lights that you have been given, which no other Prophet before you was given:

– the Opening of the Book and

– the last (three) Ayat of Surah Al-Baqarah.

You will not read a letter of them, but will gain its benefit.”’

This is the wording collected by An-Nasa’i (Al-Kubra 5:12) and Muslim recorded similar wording (1:554).

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Al-Fatihah and the Prayer

Muslim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Prophet said,

مَنْ صَلَى صَلَاةً لَمْ يَقْرَأْ فِيهَا أُمَّ الْقُرْآنِ فَهِيَ خِدَاجٌ ثَلَاثًا غَيْرُ تَمَامٍ

Whoever performs any prayer in which he did not read Umm Al-Qur’an, then his prayer is incomplete.

He said it thrice.

Abu Hurayrah was asked, “When we stand behind the Imam!”

He said, “Read it to yourself, for I heard the Messenger of Allah say,

قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ: قَسَمْتُ الصّلَاةَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ عَبْدِي نِصْفَيْنِ وَلِعَبْدِي مَا سَأَلَ

Allah, the Exalted, said, `I have divided the prayer (Al-Fatihah) into two halves between Myself and My servant, and My servant shall have what he asks for.’

If he says, الْحَمْدُ للَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ (All praise and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of existence.

قَالَ اللهُ: حَمِدَنِي عَبْدِي

Allah says, `My servant has praised Me.’

When the servant says, الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

قَالَ اللهُ: أَثْنى عَلَيَّ عَبْدِي،

Allah says, `My servant has glorified Me.’

When he says, مَـلِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ The Owner of the Day of Recompense.

قَالَ اللهُ: مَجَّدَنِي عَبْدِي وَقَالَ مَرَّةً: فَوَّضَ إِلَيَّ عَبْدِي

Allah says, `My servant has glorified Me,’ or `My servant has related all matters to Me.’

When he says, إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ You (alone) we worship, and You (alone) we ask for help.

قَالَ: هذَا بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ عَبْدِي وَلِعَبْدِي مَا سَأَلَ

Allah says, `This is between Me and My servant, and My servant shall acquire what he sought.’

When he says, اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ Guide us to the straight path. صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّآلِّينَ The way of those on whom You have granted Your grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your anger, nor of those who went astray,

قَالَ اللهُ: هذَا لِعَبْدِي وَلِعَبْدِي مَا سَأَلَ

Allah says, `This is for My servant, and My servant shall acquire what he asked for.”’

These are the words of An-Nasa’i, while both Muslim and An-Nasa’i collected the following wording,

“A half of it is for Me and a half for My servant, and My servant shall acquire what he asked for.”

al_fatiha_kufi

The four foremost ladies of the universe

the four foremost ladies of the universe. They were Khadijah bint Khawaylid, Fatimah bint Muhammad, Maryam bint Imran, the mother of the Prophet Isa Alaihis Salam, and ‘Asiah bint Mazahim (the wife of the Pharaoh).

The, first named has the distinction of being the mother of all the believers, or practicing Muslims; the second Fatimah, the daughter of the Prophet & was given the glad tidings that she would be the leader among the women of Paradise. Maryam, the Pure and Chaste is the only woman to have given birth to ‘Isa (Alaihis Salam), a Prophet of Allah without having been touched by any man.

‘Asiah the long suffering and righteous wife of the evil Pharaoh had advised her husband to adopt the infant Moses (flsS). This was at a time when infanticide was the law of the land. All the newborn boys of the tribe of Israel were being murdered because of the prediction that one of them would finally overthrow the Pharaoh and destroy him. She not only nurtured him in the very palace of Pharaoh, but also was one of the first to accept Islam, as preached by Moses (Alaihis Salam).

your Hijab is your worship

Sisters, hijab is not a fashion statement, it is an act of worship first and foremost.

nowadays mostly muslimah follow the fashion and modernity in their hijab and clothes. they thought it’s part of beauty. but they don’t know in fact they are a doll of fashion. they thought that act as an Islamic woman is ancient.

Muslimah, do you know? women is jewelry and queen. when they cherish their modesty, hijab will become a part of their life. when they cherish their hijab modesty will beautify their life. Muslimah should act as Islamic models for all who may see. the Honourable Muslimah can not choose what Hijab to wear, but Allah has commanded in Al-Qur’an to wear Hijab and clothes properly and do not excessive.

As Allah said in Qur’an.

“…and to wrap (a portion of) their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adorment”. (QS. An-Nur : 31)

“O Prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to bring down over themselves (part) of their outer garments”. (QS. Al-Ahzab : 59)

“O children of Adam, take your adornment at every masjid, and eat and drink, but be not excessive. Indeed, He likes not those who commit excess”. (QS. Al-A’raf : 31)

 

photo_2017-07-14_12-04-32

 

“…and do not display yourselves as [was] the display of the former times of ignorance”. (QS. Al-Ahzab : 33)

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “On the Day of Resurrection, Allah will not look at him who trails his lower garment out of pride.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

**Commentary:
A disregard of Allah’s Favours and gifts means ungratefulness which is essentially
manifested in a haughty attitude. It is also a sign of arrogance that one wears a dress with the hem
trailing on the ground.
(Riyadus Saliheen)

Dear Muslimah, Keep your modesty intact. hence lets wear our hijab correctly based on Al-Quran and sunnah, and don’t let our clothes and Hijab change our intentions, undermine the value of modesty and ruin men’s gaze.

May Allah guide you all.