Misunderstanding (polygamy)

few days ago I shared about definition of polygamy’s video on you tube to facebook.

then someone inbox me just because he’s not agree with me. he gave me the explanation about his opinion. below:

1 – Plural marriage helps to increase the numbers of the ummah (nation, Muslim community). It is known that the numbers can only be increased through marriage, and the number of offspring gained through plural marriage will be greater than that achieved through marriage to one wife. Wise people know that increasing the number of offspring will strengthen the ummah and increase the number of workers in it, which will raise its economic standard – if the leaders run the affairs of state well and make use of its resources in a proper manner. Ignore the claims of those who say that increasing the numbers of human beings poses a danger to the earth’s resources which are insufficient, for Allaah the Most Wise Who has prescribed plural marriage has guaranteed to provide provision for His slaves and has created on earth what is more than sufficient for them. Whatever shortfall exists is due to the injustice of administrations, governments and individuals, and due to bad management. Look at China, for example, the greatest nation on earth as far as number of inhabitants is concerned, and it is regarded as one of the strongest nations in the world, and other nations would think twice before upsetting China; it is also one of the great industrialized nations. Who would dare think of attacking China, I wonder? And why?

2 – Statistics show that the number of women is greater than the number of men; if each man were to marry just one woman, this would mean that some women would be left without a husband, which would have a harmful effect on her and on society: The harmful effect is that she would never find a husband to take care of her interests, to give her a place to live, to spend on her, to protect her from haraam desires, and to give her children to bring her joy. This may lead to deviance and going astray, except for those on whom Allaah has mercy. With regard to the harmful effects on society, it is well known that this woman who is left without a husband may deviate from the straight path and follow the ways of promiscuity, so she may fall into the swamp of adultery and prostitution – may Allaah keep us safe and sound – which leads to the spread of immorality and the emergence of fatal diseases such as AIDS and other contagious diseases for which there is no cure. It also leads to family breakdown and the birth of children whose identity is unknown, and who do not know who their fathers are. Those children do not find anyone to show compassion towards them or any mature man to raise them properly. When they go out into the world and find out the truth, that they are illegitimate, that is reflected in their behaviour, and they become exposed to deviance and going astray. They may even bear grudges against society, and who knows? They may become the means of their country’s destruction, leaders of deviant gangs, as is the case in many nations in the world.

3 – Men are exposed to incidents that may end their lives, for they work in dangerous professions. They are the soldiers who fight in battle, and more men may die than women. This is one of the things that raise the percentage of husbandless women, and the only solution to this problem is plural marriage.

4 – There are some men who may have strong physical desires, for whom one wife is not enough. If the door is closed to such a man and he is told, you are not allowed more than one wife, this will cause great hardship to him, and his desire may find outlets in forbidden ways. In addition to that, a woman menstruates each month, and when she gives birth, she bleeds for forty days (this post-partum bleeding is called nifaas in Arabic), at which time a man cannot have intercourse with his wife, because intercourse at the time of menstruation or nifaas is forbidden, and the harm that it causes has been proven medically. So plural marriage is permitted when one is able to be fair and just.

5 – Plural marriage does not exist only in the Islamic religion, rather it was known among the previous nations. Some of the Prophets were married to more than one woman. The Prophet of Allaah Sulaymaan (Solomon) had ninety wives. At the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), there were some men who became Muslims who had eight or five wives. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told them to keep four wives and to divorce the rest.

6 – A wife may be barren, or she may not meet her husband’s needs, or he may be unable to have intercourse with her because she is sick. A husband may long to have children, which is a legitimate desire, and he may want to have a sex life within marriage, which is something permissible, and the only way is to marry another wife. It is only fair for the wife to agree to remain his wife and to allow him to marry another.

7 – A woman may be one of the man’s relatives and have no one to look after her, and she is unmarried or a widow whose husband has died, and the man may think that the best thing to do for her is to include her in his household as a wife along with his first wife, so that he will both keep her chaste and spend on her. This is better for her than leaving her alone and being content only to spend on her.

8 – There are other shar’i interests that call for plural marriages, such as strengthening the bonds between families, or strengthening the bonds between a leader and some of his people or group, and he may think that one of the ways of achieving this aim is to become related to them through marriage, even if that is through plural marriage. Noor did u hear about that lady who converted to islam because she was astonished by wisdom of polygamy in islam ,she married in polygamy after she migrated to pakistan so she practiced what she had believed

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yes, I guess not everyone has same understanding, easy understanding about that video. because its duration is only 1 minute 20 second. so he guess me, that I’m not agree with polygamy, that video talks about “marry only one” and He guess that video has misconception about marriage in Islam. no no no….

yes his explanation is correct but I’m not focus on his explanation. I will give you all the definition about polygamy and explanation about that video.

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** definition of polygamy

Polygamy means a system of marriage whereby one person has more than one spouse. Polygamy can be of two types. One is polygyny where a man marries more than one woman, and the other is polyandry, where a woman marries more than one man. In Islam, limited polygyny is permitted; whereas polyandry is completely prohibited. Now coming to the original question, why is a man allowed to have more than one wife?

**the explanation about that video

The Qur’an is the only religious scripture in the world that says, “marry only one”. The Qur’an is the only religious book, on the face of this earth, that contains the phrase ‘marry only one’. There is no other religious book that instructs men to have only one wife. In none of the other religious scriptures, whether it be the Vedas, the Ramayan, the Mahabharat, the Geeta, the Talmud or the Bible does one find a restriction on the number of wives. According to these scriptures one can marry as many as one wishes. It was only later, that the Hindu priests and the Christian Church restricted the number of wives to one. Many Hindu religious personalities, according to their scriptures, had multiple wives. King Dashrat, the father of Rama, had more than one wife. Krishna had several wives. In earlier times, Christian men were permitted as many wives as they wished, since the Bible puts no restriction on the number of wives. It was only a few centuries ago that the Church restricted the number of wives to one. Polygyny is permitted in Judaism. According to Talmudic law, Abraham had three wives, and Solomon had hundreds of wives. The practice of polygyny continued till Rabbi Gershom ben Yehudah (960 C.E to 1030 C.E) issued an edict against it. The Jewish Sephardic communities living in Muslim countries continued the practice till as late as 1950, until an Act of the Chief Rabbinate of Israel extended the ban on marrying more than one wife. (*Interesting Note:- As per the 1975 census of India Hindus are more polygynous than Muslims. The report of the ‘Committee of The Status of Woman in Islam’, published in 1975 mentions on page numbers 66 and 67 that the percentage of polygamous marriages between the years 1951 and 1961 was 5.06% among the Hindus and only 4.31% among the Muslims. According to Indian law only Muslim men are permitted to have more than one wife. It is illegal for any non-Muslim in India to have more than one wife. Despite it being illegal, Hindus have more multiple wives as compared to Muslims. Earlier, there was no restriction even on Hindu men with respect to the number of wives allowed. It was only in 1954, when the Hindu Marriage Act was passed that it became illegal for a Hindu to have more than one wife. At present it is the Indian Law that restricts a Hindu man from having more than one wife and not the Hindu scriptures.) Let us now analyse why Islam allows a man to have more than one wife.

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So My understanding of that video is. Only islam make marriage easy. another religion didnt give permission about married. They marry only one (restricted the number of wives to one) but islam gives permission, you can marry only one then you can marry 4 (” And if you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry those that please you of [other] women, two or three or four. But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one or those your right hand possesses. That is more suitable that you may not incline [to injustice].” An nisa : 3)

Before the Qur’an was revealed, there was no upper limit for polygyny and many men had scores of wives, some even hundreds.  Islam put an upper limit of four wives. Islam gives a man permission to marry two, three or four women, only on the condition that he deals justly with them. In the same chapter i.e. Surah Nisa verse 129 says: “Ye are never able to be fair and just as between women….” [Al-Qur’an 4:129]

Therefore polygyny is not a rule but an exception.  Many people are under the misconception that it is compulsory for a Muslim man to have more than one wife. Broadly, Islam has five categories of Do’s and Don’ts:

(i)    ‘Fard’ i.e. compulsory or obligatory

(ii)   ‘Mustahab’ i.e. recommended or encouraged

(iii)  ‘Mubah’ i.e. permissible or allowed

(iv)   ‘Makruh’ i.e. not recommended or discouraged

(v)    ‘Haraam’ i.e. prohibited or forbidden Polygyny falls in the middle category of things that are permissible. It cannot be said that a Muslim who has two, three or four wives is a better Muslim as compared to a Muslim who has only one wife.

*source : Islamic Research Foundation

The Greater Signs of the Hour

🍃The Mahdee🍃
▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️

After the lesser signs of the Hour appear and increase, mankind will have reached a stage of great suffering. Then the awaited Mahdee will appear; he is the first of the greater, and clear, signs of the Hour. There will be no doubt about his existence, but this will only be clear to the knowledgeable people.

The Mahdee will rule until the al-Maseeh ad-Dajjaal appears, who will spread oppression and corruption. The only ones who will know him well and avoid his evil will be those who have great knowledge and Îmān.

Ad-Dajjal will remain for a while, destroying mankind completely, and the earth will witness the greatest Fitnah in its history. Then ‘Eesa (alayhi-salām) will descend, bringing justice from heaven. He will kill ad-Dajjaal, and there will be years of safety and security.

Then the appearance of Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj will take mankind by surprise, and corruption will overtake them again. In answer to ‘Eesa prayer to Allāh ﷻ, they will die, and safety, security, justice, and stability will return. This state of affairs will continue for some years, until the death of ‘Eesa.

The Ulamaa differ concerning the order in which the other greater signs of the Hour will come about. They are:
• The destruction of the Ka’bah and the recovery of its treasure.
• The rising of the sun from the west.
• The emergence of the Beast from the earth.
• The smoke.
• A wind will take the souls of the believers.
• The Qur’ān will be taken up into heaven.
• A fire will drive the people to their last gathering place.
• The Trumpet will be sounded: at the first sound everyone will feel terror; at the second sound all will be struck down; at the last sound all will be resurrected.
والله اعلم 🍃
•••••••
Taken from Signs Before the Day of Judgement
▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️
🍃The Mahdee🍃
The Mahdee will come at the end of time; he is one of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs and Imāms. He is not the Mahdee who is expected by the
Shee’ah, who they claim will appear from a tunnel in Saamarraa. This claim of theirs has no basis in reality nor in any reliable source. They allege that his name is Muhammad ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Askaree, and that he went into the tunnel when he was five years old.

The matter we intend to discuss has been proven by Ahaadeeth narrated from the Prophet ﷺ: that the Mahdee will appear at the end of time. I believe that he will appear before ‘Eesa the son of Mary comes down, as the Ahaadeeth indicate.

Hajjaaj said that he heard Alee say, “The Prophet ﷺ said, “Even if there were only one day left for the world, Allāh would send a man from among us to fill the world with justice, just as it had been filled with oppression and justice.” [Ahmad] [1]

Alee said, “The Prophet ﷺ said, “The Mahdee is one of us, from among the people of my household. In one night Allāh will inspire him and prepare him to carry out his task successfully.” [Ahmad and Ibn Maajah] [2]

Alee said, whilst looking at his son al-Hasan, This son of mine is a Sayyid (master), as the Prophet ﷺ named him. Among his descendants there will be man named after your Prophet ﷻ. He will resemble him in behaviour but not in looks. Then he told them the report which mentions that the earth will be filled with justice. [Abū Dawūd] [3]

Abū Dawūd devoted a chapter of his Sunan to the subject of the Mahdee. At the beginning of this chapter he quoted the Hadeeth of Jaabir ibn Samrah, in which the Prophet ﷺ said, “This religion will remain steadfast until twelve caliphs have ruled over you.” (According to another report he said, “This religion will remain strong until twelve caliphs have ruled over you.”) Jaabir said, “The people cheered and shouted Allāhu Akbar! Then the Prophet ﷺ whispered something. I asked my father ‘What did he say?’ My father said, ‘He said, All of them will be from Quraysh.'” Another report says that when the Prophet ﷺ returned to his house, Quraysh came to him and asked, “What will happen after that?” He said, “Then there will be tribulation and killing.” [4]

Abū Dawūd reported a Hadeeth from Abd Allaah ibn Masood: “The Prophet ﷺ said, “If there were only one day left for the world, that day would be lengthened until a man from among my descendants or from among the people of my household, was sent; his name will be the same as my name, and his fathers name will be the same as my fathers name. He will fill the earth with justice and fairness, just as it will have been filled with injustice and oppression. The world will not end until a man of my household, whose name is the same as mine, holds sway.” [5]
•••••••
1 Ahmad, al-Musnad; similar Hadeeth in Abū Dawūd, Kitaab Awwal al-Mahdee.
Checker’s Note: Saheeh, Ahmad and Abū Dawūd, Saheeh al-Jami as-Sagheer: 5305.

2 Ahmad, al-Musnad and Ibn Maajah, Kitaab al-Fitan.
Checker’s Note: Saheeh, Saheeh al-Jami as-Sagheer: 6735. It has been mistranslated slightly, it should be “In one night, Allāh will prepare him,” the mention of inspiration and the carrying out of the task is explanatory.

3 See Abū Dawūd, Kitaab al-Mahdee.
Checker’s Note: Da’eef Munqati’ (chain of narration is broken), al-Mishkat, 1st checking: 5462.

4 Checker’s Note: “… returned to his house” is a da’eef addition. The rest of the hadeeth is saheeh.

5 See Abū Dawūd, Kitaab al-Mahdee.
Checker’s Note: Saheeh, Saheeh Abū Dawūd: 3601.
▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️▪️
🍃The Mahdee🍃
Abd Allaah said, “The Prophet ﷺ said, ‘A man from my household, whose name is like mine, will take power.'” [Tirmidhee] [6]

In another report, from Abū Hurairah, the Prophet ﷺ said, “If there were only one day left for this world, Allāh would lengthen it until he (the Mahdee) took power.” [7]

Abū Sa’eed said, “The Prophet ﷺ said, ‘The Mahdee will be one of my descendants; he will have a high forehead and a hooked nose. He will fill the earth with justice and fairness just as it was filled with injustice and oppression, and he will rule for seven years.'” [Abū Dawūd] [8]

Umm Salamah said, “I heard the Prophet ﷺ say,’The Mahdee will be one of my descendants, from the children of Faatimah.'” [Abū Dawūd] [9]

Umm Salamah reported that the Prophet ﷺ said, “People will begin to differ after the death of a Khaleefah. A man from the people of Madinah will flee to Makkah. Some of the people of Makkah will come to him and drag him out against his will; they will swear allegiance to him between al-Rukn and al-Maqam. An army will be sent against him from Syria; it will be swallowed up in the desert between Makkah and Madinah. When the people see this, groups of people from Syria and Iraq will come and swear allegiance to him. Then a man from Quraysh whose mother is from Kalb will appear and send an army against them, and will defeat them; this will be known as the Battle of Kalb. Whoever does not witness the spoils of this battle will miss much! The Mahdee will distribute the wealth, and will rule the people according to the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ. Then he will die, and the Muslims will pray for him.” [Abū Dawūd] [10]
•••••••
6] Checker’s Note: “A man from my household…” Hasan, Saheeh al-Jami as-Sagheer: 8160.

7] at-Tirmidhee, in his chapters dealing with al-Fitan.
Checker’s Note: Saheeh, Saheeh at-Tirmidhee: 1819.

8] Abū Dawūd, Kitaab al-Mahdee.
Checker’s Note: Hasan, Saheeh Abū Dawūd: 3604. Translation states, “… a hooked nose.” Correct translation is “…an aquiline nose.”

9] Abū Dawūd, Kitaab al-Mahdee.
Checker’s Note: Saheeh, Saheeh Abū Dawūd: 3603.

10] Abū Dawūd, Kitaab al-Mahdee.
Checker’s Note: Da’eef, al-Mishkat, 1st checking: 5456.

¤Taken from the Signs Before the Day of Judgement

🍃The Mahdee🍃
Alee said, “The Prophet ﷺ said, ‘A man named al-Haarith ibn Hirath will come from Transoxania. His army will be led by a man named Mansoor. He will pave the way for and establish the government of the family of Muhammad, just as Quraysh established the government of the Messenger of Allāh. Every believer will be obliged to support him.'” [Abū Dawūd] [11]

Abd Allaah ibn al-Haarith ibn Juz’ al-Zubaydee said, “The Prophet ﷺ said, ‘A people will come out of the East who will pave the way for the Mahdee.'” [Ibn Maajah] [12]

Abd Allaah said, “Whilst we were with the Prophet ﷺ, some young men from Banu Hashim approached us. When the Prophet ﷺ saw them, his eyes filled with tears and the colour of his face changed. I said, ‘We can see something has changed in your face, and it upsets us.’ The Prophet ﷺ said, ‘We are the people of a Household for whom Allāh has chosen the Hereafter rather than this world. The people of my Household (Ahl al-Bayt) will suffer a great deal after my death, and will be persecuted until a people carrying black banners will come out of the east. They will instruct the people to do good, but the people will refuse; they will fight until they are victorious, and the people do as they asked, but they will not accept it from them until they hand over power to a man from my household. Then the earth will be filled with fairness, just as it had been filled with injustice. If any of you live to see this, you should go to him even if you have to crawl across ice.'” [13]
This text refers to the rule of the Abbasids, as we have mentioned above in the text referring to the beginningof their rule in 132 AH. It also indicates that the Mahdee will appear after the Abbasids, and that he will be one of the Ahl al-Bayt, a descendant of Faatimah, the daughter of the Prophet ﷺ, through Hasan, not Husayn, as mentioned in the Hadeeth from Alee ibn Abee Taalib; and Allāh knows best. [14]

Thwaban said, “The Prophet ﷺ said, ‘Three men will be killed at the place where your treasure is. Each of them will be the son of a Khaleefah, and none of them will get hold of the treasure. Then the black banners will come out of the East, and they will slaughter you in a way which has never been seen before.’ Then he said something which I do not remember; then, ‘If you see him, go and give him your allegiance, even if you have to crawl over ice, because he is the Khaleefah of Allāh, the Mahdee.'” [Ibn Maajah] [15]
••••••
11] Checker’s Note: Da’eef, Da’eef al-Jami as-Sagheer: 6418.

12] Ibn Maajah, Kitaab al-Fitan (Hadeeth 3088).
Checker’s Note: Da’eef, Silsilatul Ahaadieeh ad-Da’eefah: 4826.

13] Ibn Maajah, ibid., (Hadeeth 4082).
Checker’s Note: Da’eef, Da’eef Ibn Maajah: 886.
14] See Ahaadeeth above. (Ref. 1, 2 & 3)
Checker’s Note: Footnote refers to hadeeth no. 3.

15] Narrated by Ibn Maajah, op. cit., Hadeeth 4084.
Checker’s Note: Da’eef Munkar (the isnaad is weak and moreover the meaning is wrong). In this case, the mention of “Khaleefah of Allāh” is munkar because Allāh cannot have a successor or vicegerent in His absence, Silsilatul Ahaadeeth ad-Da’eefah: 85

¤Taken from the Signs Before the Day of Judgement

Delaying the Isha Prayer

Question:

What is the ruling on delaying the Isha prayer until a late hour?

Answer:

It is better for the Isha prayer to be delayed to its later time. The more it is delayed, the better, unless it be for a man because if a man delays it, he misses the congregational prayer, and it is not permissible for him to delay it and miss the congregational prayer. As for the women in their houses, the more they delay the Isha prayer, the better it is for them, but they should not delay it past midnight.

Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen
Fatawa Islamiyah Vol. 2 Page 239

sisters, these are below the explanation why do delaying the Isha prayer is better.

from Reyadus Saliheen, CHAPTER 334
ABOMINATION OF HOLDING CONVERSATION AFTER `ISHA’ (NIGHT) PRAYER
1746. Abu Barzah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) disliked going to bed before the `Isha’ (night) prayer and indulging in conversation after it.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
**Commentary: The prohibition of going to bed before `Isha’ prayer is that if one sleeps late at night, it becomes difficult for him to get up for Tahajjud prayer or Fajr prayer. Moreover, if a person goes to sleep soon after `Isha’ prayer, all his activities of the day will end at `Isha’, which is the most meritorious act. It should also be borne in mind that when holding a conversation which is disliked or forbidden at other times becomes even more so at this particular time (i.e., after `Isha’ prayer). Imam An-Nawawi’s contention that things like academic discussion, talking to a guest, discussing the lives of the pious etc., are not only permissible but desirable, is also subject to the condition that such an activity does not involve the risk of losing the Fajr prayer. If one spends so much time in such activities that he is likely to miss the Fajr prayer, then the permission to hold academic discussion becomes doubtful.
1747. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: Once, towards the end of his life, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) concluded the `Isha’ (night) prayer and said, “After one hundred years from tonight none of the people on the surface of the earth will survive.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
**Commentary: The Prophet (PBUH) had made a prophecy that none of the people who were alive on that night would live beyond the end of the century. `None of the people on the surface of the earth will survive’ has been interpreted as “those who had seen him and known him would not stay alive after a hundred years of his death from that night. This was true, for the last Companion of the Prophet, Abu Tufail Amir bin Wa’ilah, died in 110 A.H., i.e., exactly one hundred years after the Prophet’s prophecy.
1748. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: Once the Prophet (PBUH) delayed the `Isha’ (night) prayer till midnight. He (PBUH) turned to us after the prayer and said, “All the people slept after offering their prayers, but you who waited, will be accounted as if you were engaged in your prayer throughout the period.”
[Al-Bukhari].
**Commentary: We learn the following three points from this Hadith: First: `Isha’ prayer can be deferred till midnight.
Second: It is permissible to keep awake for it to offer it in congregation. It is also permissible to engage in a beneficial activity after `Isha’ prayer involving such important matters as acquiring teaching knowledge or even spending time with one’s wife or guest.
Third: The period spent in waiting will be treated as time spent in Salat and its reward will also be greater in similar proportions.

Muslim women

Muslim women are not like non-believing women and should act as Islamic models for all who may see. women are not restricted from moving about the community, working or visiting if they are properly covered and if necessary, escorted, but a women’s base should be her home. this general instruction applies until the last day and Islam can not be manipulated suit individual whims or desires: it is here for us to sumbit to.

in other to live an Islamic life, we have to be willing to completely submit to the injunctions ordained by Allah. Allah knows what is best for us, and He would not command us to other than good. He has given women authority over their husband’s households and fitted their nature to the task. He has also instructed women not to follow un-Islamic life-style and customs. He said to the wives of the Prophet (Pbuh):

Quran surah Al-Ahzab : 32-33

O wives of the Prophet, you are not like anyone among women. If you fear Allah , then do not be soft in speech [to men], lest he in whose heart is disease should covet, but speak with appropriate speech. (32)

And abide in your houses and do not display yourselves as [was] the display of the former times of ignorance. And establish prayer and give zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity [of sin], O people of the [Prophet’s] household, and to purify you with [extensive] purification.(33)

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consider whom you befriend

The different types of friends and which one to choose
Firstly: The one who befriends you for some worldly interest.
He is the one who befriends you for as long as he can benefit from you by way of money, status or other than that. As soon as that benefit ceases he turns into your enemy and he doesn’t know you any longer and nor do you know him. How numerous are the people of this category! And how numerous are those who complain when it comes to gaining some worldly benefit!
Allah says : “And of them are some who accuse you (O Muhammad ) in the matter of (the distribution of) the alms. If they are given part thereof, they are pleased, but if they are not given thereof, behold! They are enraged!” [Surah At-Taubah 9:58]
You think that he’s your close friend and from the most beloved people to you and that you are from the most beloved people to him, but when he asks you one day and says: “Lend me your book so that I may read through it!” and you say to him: “By Allah, I need the book today but I’ll give it to you tomorrow.” he suddenly becomes arrogant and hostile towards you. Is this a (real) friend?! This is the one who only befriends you for some worldly gain.
Secondly: The fun friend.
He only befriends you because he enjoys sitting, having conversations, socializing and staying up until late at night to have a chat with you, but he does not benefit you and nor do you benefit from him. Each one of you does not benefit the other. It is nothing else but time wasting. You similarly have to watch out when it comes to this category in order for him not to waste your precious time.
Thirdly: The good and virtuous friend.
He inspires you to do good and forbids you from doing evil. He opens up for you the doors of good and guides you towards them. And if you do a mistake he admonishes you without that you have to feel embarrassed. He is the good and virtuous friend.”
(Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen, may Allah have mercy upon him)

The Prophet ﷺ once said, “People follow the religion of their friends, so everyone should consider whom they befriend.” (Muslim)

“close friends, that day, will enemies to each other, except for the righteous” (quran surah Az-Zukhruf : 67)

so, dear Muslimah choose your friend carefully because your friend can be your way to Jannah, in sya Allah ^_^

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List of Names in the Qur’an

**

Based Sequence of Revelation Decrease.

1. Surat Al-‘Alaq العلق (Mecca)
2. Al-Qalam القلم (Mecca)
3. Al-Muzzammil المزمل (Mecca)
4. Surah Al-Muddassir المدشر (Mecca)
5. Surah Al-Fatihah الفاتحة (Mecca)
6. Surah Al-Lahab المسد (Mecca)
7. At-takwir التكوير (Mecca)
8. Surah Al-A’la الأعلى (Mecca)
9. Al-Lail اليل (Mecca)
10. Al-Fajr الفجر (Mecca)
11. Surah Ad-Duha الضحى (Mecca)
12. Al-Inshirah الانشراح (Mecca)
13. Al-Asr العصر (Mecca)
14. Al-adiyat العاديات (Mecca)
15. Al-Kawthar الكوثر (Mecca)
16. At-Takathur التكاثر (Mecca)
17. Al-ma’un الماعون (Mecca)
18. Al-Kafirun الكافرون (Mecca)
19. Al-Fil الفيل (Mecca)
20. Al-Falaq الفلق (Mecca)
21. Surah An-Nas الناس (Mecca)
22. Surah Al-Ikhlas الإخلاص (Mecca)
23. An-Najm النجم (Mecca)
24. Surah ‘Abasa عبس (Mecca)
25. Surah Al-Qadr القدر (Mecca)
26. Ash-Shams الشمس (Mecca)
27. Al-burooj البروج (Mecca)
28. At-Tin التين (Mecca)
29. Surah Quraish قريش (Mecca)
30. Al-qaria القارعة (Mecca)
31. Al-Qiyamah القيمة (Mecca)
32. Al-humaza الهمزة (Mecca)
33. Al-Mursalat المرسلات (Mecca)
34. Qaf ق (Mecca)
35. Al-Balad البلد (Mecca)
36. At-Tariq الطارق (Mecca)
37. Al-Qamar القمر (Mecca)
38. Sad ص (Mecca)
39. Al-A’raf الأعراف (Mecca)
40. Al-Jinn الجن (Mecca)
41. Ya Sin يس (Mecca)
42. Al-Furqan الفرقان (Mecca)
43. fatir فاطر (Mecca)
44. Maryam مريم (Mecca)
45. Ta-Ha طه (Mecca)
46. Al-waqi’a الواقعه (Mecca)
47. Asy-Syu’ara ‘ الشعراء (Mecca)
48. An-Naml النمل (Mecca)
49. Al-Qasas القصص (Mecca)
50. Al-Isra بني إسرائيل (Mecca)
51. Yunus ينوس (Mecca)
52. Hud هود (Mecca)
53. Yusuf يسوف (Mecca)
54. Al-Hijr الحجر (Mecca)
55. Al-An’am الانعام (Mecca)
56. As-Saffat الصافات (Mecca)
57. Luqman لقمان (Mecca)
58. Saba ‘ سبا (Mecca)
59. Az-Zumar الزمر (Mecca)
60.Ghafir المؤمن (Mecca)
61. fussilat فصلت (Mecca)
62. Ash-Shura الشورى (Mecca)
63. Az-Zukhruf الزخرف (Mecca)
64. Ad-Dukhan الدخان (Mecca)
65. Al-jathiya الجاثية (Mecca)
66. Al-Ahqaf الأحقاف (Mecca)
67. ADH-DHARIYAT الذاريات (Mecca)
68. Al-Gasyiyah الغاشية (Mecca)
69. Al-Kahf الكهف (Mecca)
70. An-Nahl النحل (Mecca)
71. Nuh نوح (Mecca)
72. Ibrahim إبراهيم (Mecca)
73. Al-Anbiya الأنبياء (Mecca)
74. Al-Mu’minun المؤمنون (Mecca)
75. As-Sajda السجدة (Mecca)
76. At-Tur الطور (Mecca)
77. Al-Mulk الملك (Mecca)
78. Al-haaqqa الحآقة (Mecca)
79. Al-maarij المعارج (Mecca)
80. An-Naba النبا (Mecca)
81. An-naziat النازعات (Mecca)
82. Al-infitar الانفطار (Mecca)
83. Al-inshiqaq الانشقاق (Mecca)
84. Ar-Rum الروم (Mecca)
85. Al-ankabut العنكبوت (Mecca)
86. Al-mutaffifin المطففين (Mecca)
87. Al-Baqarah البقرة (Madinah)
88. Al-Anfal الأنفال (Madinah)
89. Al ‘Imran آل عمران (Madinah)
90.Al-Ahzab الأحزاب (Madinah)
91. Al-mumtahina الممتحنة (Madinah)
92. An-Nisa النساء (Madinah)
93. AZ-ZALZALA الزلزلة (Mecca)
94. Al-Hadid الحديد (Madinah)
95. Muhammad محمد (Madinah)
96. Ar-Ra’d الرعد (Mecca)
97. Ar-Rahman الرحمن (Medina and Mecca)
98. Al-Insan الانسان (Madinah)
99. At-Talaq الطلاق (Madinah)
100. Al-Bayyina البينة (Madinah)
101. Al-Hashr الحشر (Madinah)
102. An-Nur النور (Madinah)
103. Surah Al-Hajj الحج (Madinah and Mecca)
104. Al-munafiqun المنافقون (Madinah)
105. Al-mujadila المجادلة (Madinah)
106. Al-Hujurat الحجرات (Madinah)
107. At-Tahrim التحريم (Madinah)
108. At-Tagabun التغابن (Madinah)
109. As-Saff الصف (Madinah)
110. Al-Jumu’ah الجمعة (Madinah)
111. Al-Fath الفتح (Madinah)
112. Al-Ma’idah المآئدة (Madinah)
113. At-Tauba التوبة (Madinah)
114. An-Nasr النصر (Madinah)

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Six criteria for Hijab

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According to Qur’an and Sunnah there are basically six criteria for observing hijab:
1. Extent:
The first criterion is the extent of the body that should be covered. This is different for men and women. The extent of covering obligatory on the male is to cover the body at least from the navel to the knees. For women, the extent of covering obligatory is to cover the complete body except the face and the hands upto the wrist. If they wish to, they can cover even these parts of the body. Some scholars of Islam insist that the face and the hands are part of the obligatory extent of ‘hijab’. All the remaining five criteria are the same for men and women.
2. The clothes worn should be loose and should not reveal the figure.

3. The clothes worn should not be transparent such that one can see through them.
4. The clothes worn should not be so glamorous as to attract the opposite sex.

5. The clothes worn should not resemble that of the opposite sex.

6. The clothes worn should not resemble that of the unbelievers i.e. they should not wear clothes that are specifically identities or symbols of the unbelievers’ religions.

Complete ‘hijab’, besides the six criteria of clothing, also includes the moral conduct, behaviour, attitude and intention of the individual. A person only fulfilling the criteria of ‘hijab’ of the clothes is observing ‘hijab’ in a limited sense. ‘Hijab’ of the clothes should be accompanied by ‘hijab’ of the eyes, ‘hijab’ of the heart, ‘hijab’ of thought and ‘hijab’ of intention. It also includes the way a person walks, the way a person talks, the way he behaves, etc. (Dr. Zakir Naik)

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